Roald Amundsen

Roald Amundsen: The Great Norwegian Explorer

Early Life and Education:

  • Born: July 16, 1872, in Borge, Norway
  • Son of Jens Amundsen, a ship-owner, and Hanna Sahlqvist Amundsen
  • Attended the University of Oslo, studying medicine and mathematics

Exploration Career:

  • 1897-1899: First Officer on the Belgian Antarctic Expedition led by Adrien de Gerlache
  • 1903-1906: Led the first expedition to successfully navigate the Northwest Passage
  • 1910-1912: Led the first expedition to reach the South Pole, beating Robert Falcon Scott's expedition by 35 days
  • 1925-1926: Flew over the North Pole in an airship, becoming the first person to reach both poles

Achievements and Contributions:

  • First person to reach the South Pole (December 14, 1911)
  • First person to reach both the North Pole and the South Pole
  • First person to navigate the Northwest Passage
  • Developed innovative polar exploration techniques, including the use of dogs and skis
  • Pioneered the use of aircraft in polar exploration


  • Widely regarded as one of the greatest explorers of all time
  • His expeditions contributed significantly to our understanding of the Arctic and Antarctic regions
  • His achievements inspired future generations of explorers and adventurers
  • Remains an iconic figure in Norwegian history and culture

Personal Life:

  • Married twice, first to Jenny Lie (1893-1900) and then to Kirstine Bjørnstad (1906-1928)
  • Had four children: two sons and two daughters
  • Died on June 18, 1928, while leading a rescue mission in the Arctic

Fun Facts:

  • Amundsen's dog, Fram, was the only animal to accompany him on both his North Pole and South Pole expeditions.
  • Amundsen was a heavy smoker, and he often carried a pipe with him on his expeditions.
  • He was a skilled skier and mountaineer, and he enjoyed hunting and fishing.
  • Amundsen was a Freemason, and he was a member of the Grand Lodge of Norway.
  • He is commemorated in a number of ways, including statues, stamps, and coins, as well as a mountain range in Antarctica named after him.
Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen