Benedetto XVI

Pope Benedict XVI

Personal Information:

  • Full Name: Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger
  • Born: April 16, 1927
  • Place of Birth: Marktl am Inn, Germany
  • Nationality: German
  • Education: University of Munich, University of Tübingen
  • Papacy: April 19, 2005 – February 28, 2013
  • Predecessor: Pope John Paul II
  • Successor: Pope Francis

Key Facts:

  • Pope Benedict XVI was the 265th pope of the Catholic Church.
  • He was the first German pope since the 11th century.
  • He was a noted theologian and author before becoming pope.
  • He resigned from the papacy in 2013, the first pope to do so since Gregory XII in 1415.
  • He died on December 31, 2022, at the age of 95.

Papal Career:

  • Cardinal Ratzinger was elected pope on April 19, 2005, following the death of Pope John Paul II.
  • He chose the name Benedict XVI in honor of Benedict XV, who reigned during World War I, and Saint Benedict of Nursia, the founder of Western monasticism.
  • During his papacy, Benedict XVI focused on promoting traditional Catholic values and teachings.
  • He issued several encyclicals, including "Deus Caritas Est" (2005), "Spe Salvi" (2007), and "Caritas in Veritate" (2009).
  • He also made several controversial statements, such as his condemnation of homosexuality and his opposition to the ordination of women.
  • In 2013, Benedict XVI announced that he would resign from the papacy, citing his declining health.
  • He was succeeded by Pope Francis on March 13, 2013.

Post-Papal Life:

  • After his resignation, Benedict XVI lived in a monastery in the Vatican Gardens.
  • He continued to write and publish books, including "The Last Testament: In His Own Words" (2016) and "Principles of Catholic Theology" (2018).
  • He also met with Pope Francis on several occasions.
  • Benedict XVI died on December 31, 2022, at the age of 95.


  • Pope Benedict XVI was a controversial figure, but he was also a respected theologian and scholar.
  • His papacy was marked by both traditionalism and outreach to other religions.
  • His resignation from the papacy was a historic event that set a precedent for future popes.

Additional Information:

  • Benedict XVI was a member of the Hitler Youth during World War II, but he later renounced his membership and denounced Nazism.
  • He was a professor of theology at several universities before being appointed Archbishop of Munich and Freising in 1977.
  • He was created a cardinal by Pope Paul VI in 1977.
  • He served as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith from 1981 to 2005.
  • He was considered to be one of the most influential theologians in the Catholic Church.
  • His writings have been translated into more than 20 languages.


Benedetto XVI
Benedetto XVI
Benedetto XVI
Benedetto XVI
Benedetto XVI
Benedetto XVI
Benedetto XVI
Benedetto XVI